跨文化交际课程 Presentation

What’s mini FM?

Mini: radio stations operating with extremely low power of emission
Article 4 of Radio Law in Japan ( Translated by Ministry of Justice, Japan )

  • The field strength of signal drops by 500 μv in every meter.
  • Mini FM – FM radio stations transmitting in power limited above
  • Free from permissions from the government

FM Nishi Tokyo (1978-1979)

  • Disappointment at Japan’s radio service
  • Lack of Pop Music (Beatles, ABBA, Candies …)
  • Located in Hachiouji Shi(八王子市) – In the west Tokyo
  • However pop in high school students and university students (Even received chocolates in Valentine's Day)
  • Too much transmitting power, thus broke the law in 1979.
  • Pirate Radio - Pirate radio or a pirate radio station is a radio station that broadcasts without a valid license.

History

  • Originated in the late 1970s
  • Interesting usage of Radio Broadcasting in 100m’s range in POPEYE (July 25, 1979)
  • ミニコミFM放送サークル (Osaka)
  • Mini Community FM broadcasting club (1980s~2000s)
  • Located near dormitories of Osaka University of Arts and Bunka Houses
  • 2000 stations estimated in Japan (1985)

Why Mini FM?

  • Not satisfied by the broadcast
  • Lack of pop music and underground music
  • 自由ラジオ – Free Radio issued by 粉川 哲夫 (Kogaiwa Tetsuo)
  • Radio as a democratic media
  • Country should not manage the broadcasting system (Radio Propaganda in the Imperial Japan in WWII)
  • HAM – Amateur Radio Operators
  • Radio for special occasions (matsuri, underground cities)

Mini FM as community FM broadcast service

  • Mini FM can only serve listeners in several kilometers.
  • ‘Community’ – Mostly village-wide or district wide
  • Sometimes city-wide ( Only when solar activity becomes abnormal. )
  • The farthest distance logged between listeners and stations are 30kms ( From Tokyo 23 District to Yokohama )
  • Do not need radio engineers with qualification.
  • Many turned into community FM in 1990s.

FM Waiwai (Nagataku, Kobe)

  • Originated in 1995 (Great Hanshin earthquake)
  • Jan. 17 – Great Hanshin Earthquake
  • Jan. 30 – FM Yoboseyo (Korean)
  • April. 16- FM Yumen(Vietnamese, Tagalog, Spanish, English and Japanese)
  • July – Two radio stations merged, FM Waiwai started
  • Oct – Chinese Broadcasting
  • Mini FM to support foreigners (Nagataku has many foreigners)
  • Registered in 1996 as community FM radio stations
  • Turned into Network Broadcasting Station in 2016

Mini FM as community FM broadcast service

  • Disasters happening, modern communication methods fails
  • Local civil defense service need its mouthpiece
  • Events & Disaster Prevention

Commercial Usage of Mini FM/AM

Online Radio Stations & Pop Culture

  • Mini FM has many restrictions
  • Mini FM is not ‘broad’cast, much like ‘narrow’cast.
  • FM itself is fading
  • FM Radio Station of Gotanno Station
  • ごたんのラジオ
  1. 波の数だけ抱きしめて (1991) / Hugging the tide
  2. きみの声をとどけたい (2017) / Want to pass on your voice

Conclusions

  • How the masses expressed themselves when internet didn’t exist
  • Still plays a role in today
  • A supplement to the main broadcast services.
  • Inherited by the Network Broadcast Services today
  • Nostalgia!